[아시아엔=아크마랄 사바타르 <아시아엔> 키르기스스탄 특파원] 올해 키르기스스탄이 유라시아경제공동체(EAEC) 의장국을 맡게 됐다. EAEC 국가의 총리들은 올 초 열린 첫 회의에 참석해 14개 조항에 이르는 안건들을 협의했다. 이 가운데 가장 중요한 의제는 국가 간의 무역에 관한 것이었다. EAEC 통합 및 거시경제소위는 “유라시아 국가 간 무역이 점점 줄어들고 있어 향후 전망이 밝지 않을 것”이라고 내다봤다.
키르기스스탄의 소론바이 제옌베코프 총리는 “제3국과의 무역을 포기하지 않으면서 EAEC 국가간 장벽 철폐에 집중해 유라시아 통합에 새로운 동력을 이끌어 내야 한다”고 역설했다.
EAEC 국가들은 몇몇 분야에서 갈등을 드러내기도 했다. 특히 벨라루스와 러시아 대표 사이에 작은 논쟁이 오갔다. 벨라루스의 안드레이 코비야코프 총리는 원유와 관련한 러시아측의 태도에 당혹감을 드러냈다. 벨라루스 총리는 “러시아와 벨라루스 양국간 협정이 제대로 이루어지고 있지 않아 유라시아경제협력국 전체의 ‘에너지 협정’도 난관에 부딪히고 있다”고 주장했다.
애초 국가간 油價 차이를 2025년까지 점차적으로 줄여가기로 협정을 맺기로 했음에도 불구하고 벨라루스와 러시아의 기름값은 2014년 38% 나던 것이 2016년에는 110%로 벌어졌다고 벨라루스 총리는 불만을 표시했다.
이에 러시아 대표인 드미트리 메드베데프 총리는 전체회의에서 “양국 문제에 대해 여기서 논쟁을 벌이는 것은 적절하지 않다”고 일축했다. 그럼에도 불구하고 양측은 앞으로 유라시아 국가 간 경제통합이 가져올 효과를 가볍게 여기는 것은 바람직하지 않다고 말했다.
올해 첫 EAEC회의는 일부 논란은 있었지만 의제 14개 가운데 10개항에 합의하는 성과를 거두었다. 다음 회의는 5월 말 러시아에서 열릴 예정이다.
The relations between Kyrgyzstan and EAEC
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Akmaral Sabatar
This year Kyrgyzstan chairs the EAEC and all prime ministers of the EAEC came to the first meeting this year. The agenda of the intergovernmental council identified 14 issues. One of the key issues was the state of trade between countries. About this in their speeches, the accent was made practically by all the Prime Ministers of the EAEC. According to the board of integration and macroeconomics forecasts are not particularly happy. Because there is still a decline in mutual trade. Therefore the main task for this year, as noted by the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan, Sooronbai Jeenbekov, to do everything possible to remove all the remaining barriers between the members of the union, and not to abandon trade with third countries. He also added that by joint efforts we should achieve equal access to the common market of the EAEC. “We understand that this will contribute to the growth of trade flows. In this case, we focus the work on the development of foreign trade relations should not be a substitute for the work to improve trade rules within the Union and the removal of barriers, exceptions and limitations. I hope that our decisions will give a new impetus to the Eurasian integration. In turn, we will actively promote the effective implementation of the plans and new ideas?-said Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan, Sooronbai Jeenbekov.
And at the sittings by an intergovernmental board, it was clear that there are difficulties in the relations between some countries. The leaders of the governments of Belarus and Russia arranged a verbal skirmish at a meeting. Prime Minister of Belarus Andrei Kobyakov expressed bewilderment at the actions of Russia. And, of course, there are oil disputes between Moscow and Minsk. “We are forced to state that today there is no bilateral regulatory framework, which was established not in isolation, but in close relationship with the multilateral agreements of the Eurasian Economic Union.
Moreover, problems in bilateral relations fundamentally affect our participation in multilateral integration processes. We do not share these two tracks, because problems in bilateral relations have a distorting effect on Eurasian integration. We are indeed expressing our extreme concern about the continuing unresolved problems in the oil and gas sector, the failure to comply with bilateral and multilateral agreements on the terms of energy supplies, and the inaction against this background of the Eurasian Economic Commission.
We have to state that new obstacles and barriers are being created. Well, let it be until the difference in gas prices. We agreed at the signing of the agreement on the Eurasian Economic Union that it will be gradually eliminated by 2025. But for some reason, the difference is growing dramatically. Not one, five, or even ten percent, and the price difference between Belarus and the Russian Federation increased from 38% in early 2014 to 110% in 2016. Why, after the creation of the EAEC instead of a gradual reduction, the difference became almost 3 times higher? What freedom of movement of goods, services, capital and labor can there be?”-said Prime Minister of Belarus Andrei Kobyakov.
The answer of the chairman of the government of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev did not keep us waiting long. The Russian prime minister said that the disputes between Moscow and Minsk are two-sided. And to take them to a format where multilateral problems are discussed akin to blackmail. And very sharply expressed.
“In fact, with respect to other members of the union who are not involved in the dispute, an absolutely unacceptable situation arises, this situation is akin to blackmail: either you will influence the decision of the other party in the dispute, or we will not sign anything. If some of the countries present here were not part of our union or, we imagine, they left the union, they would now buy gas at European prices – about $ 200 per thousand cubic meters. That’s all. And do not need to prove anything, practice counting. Everything would be significant, much more expensive. Here no one forcibly keeps anyone”.
Despite such harsh statements and arguments, both Minsk and Moscow still do not exclude the expected effects of integration in the future. As a result, after all discussions, the heads of government signed today 10 agreements. Among them, a document on measures to develop exports to the market of third countries of machinery and equipment for agriculture produced in the EEA countries. As well as an agreement on the progress in the preparation of the main directions for the implementation of the digital agenda of the EAEC until 2025. And the next meeting of the intergovernmental council of the Eurasian Economic Union is expected in late May in Russia.